Urdu poetry adheres to a number of strict rules that manage to pay for exaggeration to its unique poetic structure. These rules rule the groups of versed lines that are used in all Urdu poem and dictate their meter, rhythm, rhyming pattern, ending words, and the location of the poet’s signature. Despite these strict rules, Urdu poetry has evolved into an incredibly colourful art that manifests itself in a myriad of rotate forms.
Each of the forms of Urdu poetry has unique characteristics that differentiate them from all the others. Although we won’t be alert to cover all single form in this article, we will admit a heavens at some of the more popular ones:
Ghazal. The Ghazal is a amassing of many couplets (called “shers”), or pairs of lined verse that follow the rules of bahar, radeef, matla, maqta, and qafiya. Every couplet in a Ghazal should aerate a single thought or focus vis–vis a favorable theme in such a artifice that it has the carrying out to stand alone. Each couplet in a Ghazal must have the same meter, bahar, the united rhyming pattern, qafiya, and must fade away in the similar words, radeef. Each couplet must plus have an inauguration couplet called a matla. Some Ghazals in Urdu poetry have the assumed pronounce of the poet incorporated into the last couplet, which is subsequently called maqta.
Marsiya. A Marsiya is an elegantly written poem whose mean is to tune anxiety on peak of the death of a to your liking man or a intensely-loved person. From a historical approach, the stated Marsiya of Urdu poetry was composed to honour the selflessness of Hazrat Imam Husain and his troops at the Battle of Karbala. This type of Marsiya describes how Hazrat Imam Husain and his comrades fought Yazid’s army upon Karbala’s plains.
Masnawi. A Masnawi is a long, narrative epic poem that depicts stories of colossal battles that were fought in the p.s.. They usually connection taking place a philosophical or ethical thought. A Masnawi is much longer than a Ghazal and it contains rhyming couplets. However, each of the couplets have a oscillate rhyming pattern and subside in oscillate words.
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Qasida. A Qasida is selected long ballad that is written to compliment a king or a nobleman. It sometimes plus describes omnipotent battles. It is not odd to locate a Qasida that is more than 100 couplets long. Like the Ghazal, the Qasida starts considering a rhyming couplet and uses the same qafiya, or rhyming pattern, throughout the poem. The Ghazal as we know it today was originally derived from the Qasida.